United Nations System

Système des Nations Unies
Sistema de las Naciones Unidas

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URL: http://www.un.org/
URL: http://www.unsystem.org/

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The relationship between the 6 principal organs - the General Assembly, the Secretariat of the United Nations, E-XE3377 - ECOSOC, F-XF3379 - International Court of Justice (ICJ), E-XE3376 - United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and E-XE3378 - United Nations Trusteeship Council - is covered in the main entry for the A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) and in the individual descriptions of the organs concerned. However, when considering the United Nations Family as a whole, the term 'United Nation System' generally has two different meanings: the first designating all the organizations, including the 'financial' organizations represented in the Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC), which brings together the heads of the agencies under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the United Nations; the second designating only the non-financial organizations. In actual fact, the System, in the broad sense includes 3 types of global or near-global organizations, with very different functions and types of activities, namely:

(A) Organizations with overall competence, the United Nations itself and some major agencies, which, although theoretically in charge of a particular economic or social sector, have in fact a tendency to deal with all aspects of economic and social problems. It is possible to include in this group:



(B) The 'functional' or 'technical' organizations, intended essentially to establish rules and ensure co-operation among national services in fields of common interest such as postal services, telecommunications or transport. In this category are:

(C) The 'financial' organizations, together referred to as E-XE4376 - Bretton Woods Institutions (BWIs) (indicating the place of the negotiations which led to the establishment of most of them). They use a weighted voting system, do not accept the common rules adopted by all the other agencies for staff management and salaries, and their object is essentially to provide a framework of monetary and trade relations and also to grant development loans. They are:

(D) Peace-keeping operations (currently active), under F-XF0692 - United Nations Peace-keeping Operations, which comprise:

Other UN Mission:

U-XF3481 - United Nations Standby Arrangements System (UNSAS).

'Official Seal, Emblem and Flag of the United Nations'

The official seal and emblem of the United Nations is a map of the world, as seen from the North Pole, surrounded by a wreath of olive leaves. When the General Assembly approved the design in 1946, it also recommended that members should adopt legislation or other appropriate measures to protect the emblem against use not authorized by the Secretary-General. In particular, the General Assembly called for prohibition of the use for commercial purposes of the official seal, emblem, name or initials of the world organization.

The United Nations flag was adopted by the General Assembly in 1947. Its design consists of the official emblem in white, centred on a light blue background. In accordance with Assembly directives, the Secretary-General drew up regulations concerning the dimensions of the flag and, on 19 Dec 1947, issued a Flag Code to govern the use and protect the dignity of the flag. The Code was amended in Nov 1952 to permit display of the flag by organizations and persons desiring to demonstrate their support to the United Nations. Among the matters covered by the Flag Code are the protocol to be followed in display of the flag, its use in specified circumstances and its manufacture and sale. Under one of the provisions of the Code, any violation of the Code may be punished in accordance with the law of the country in which such violation occurs. The text of both Flag Code and the regulations is contained in a pamphlet, entitled 'The United Nations Flag Code and Regulations', issued by the United Nations.


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Subjects *

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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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