Order of Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel (Carmelite Fathers)
Carmes de l'Ancienne Observance (Grands Carmes)
Ordo Fratrum Beatae Mariae Virginis de Monte Carmelo (O Carm)
Circa 1155, Mount Carmel (Palestine), by St Berthold, as an order of hermits, the Fratres Eremitae de Monte Carmelo or Eremitae Sanctae Mariae de Monte Carmelo. Their rule, given by Albert de Vercelli, Patriarch of Jerusalem (Israel), 1206-1214, was given in 1209 and approved in 1226. After the fall of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1291, the Order survived in Cyprus and Europe, where the brothers spread through the principal countries, at the same time adopting the way of life of the mendicant orders and having the title Fratres Ordinis Beatae Mariae de Monte Carmelo. A reform movement, R-XR1678 - Order of Discalced Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel (Discalced Carmelite Fathers), also referred to as Discalced Carmelite Fathers, was established in 1560 and separated in 1596. R-XR2048 - Carmelite Nuns of the Ancient Observance (Calced Carmelites), formed 10 May 1452, is a Catholic religious order of women, a 'Carmelite Second Order', associated with OCARM. OCARM is also referred to as White Friars, as Order of the Carmelites and by the latin acronym OC.
Promote contemplation; provide spiritual retreats; maintain missions.
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UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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