Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Fonds pour l'environnement mondial (FEM)

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1991, by Resolution 91-5 of the Executive Directors of the World Bank, as a 3-year pilot programme. Restructured and replenished, 16 Mar 1994, following agreement among GEF participants and requests from Global Action Plan for Environment and Development in the 21st Century (Agenda 21), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention). Original implementing agencies: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - through Energy and Environment Group; United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment); WMO Resource Mobilization Office (RMO). In 1999, other agencies were invited to execute GEF projects.


Forge international cooperation and finance activities to address 6 critical threats to the global environment: loss of biodiversity; climate change; degradation of international waters; ozone depletion; land degradation; persistent organic pollutants.

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Financial and/or material support; projects/programmes; networking/liaising. Serves as financial mechanism to 5 conventions:

 • Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention); United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP treaty); United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD); Minamata Convention on Mercury.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 183 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Environment
    • Environment

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land



Last News Received

* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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