Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Fonds pour l'environnement mondial (FEM)

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1991, by Resolution 91-5 of the Executive Directors of the World Bank, as a 3-year pilot programme. Restructured and replenished, 16 Mar 1994, following agreement among GEF participants and requests from H-XF2785 - Global Action Plan for Environment and Development in the 21st Century (Agenda 21), T-XT9210 - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and T-XT9211 - Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention). Original implementing agencies: F-XF1393 - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD); E-XE3382 - UNDP - through K-XK2329 - Energy and Environment Group; E-XE4161 - UNEP; K-XK0741 - WMO Resource Mobilization Office (RMO). In 1999, other agencies were invited to execute GEF projects.


Forge international cooperation and finance activities to address 6 critical threats to the global environment: loss of biodiversity; climate change; degradation of international waters; ozone depletion; land degradation; persistent organic pollutants.


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Assembly (every 3-4 years) composed of all member countries or Participants. Council, comprising 32 members (14 from developed countries, 16 from developing countries and 2 from economies in transition). Secretariat, headed by CEO-Chairperson. Independent Evaluation Office (GEF IEO); Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP). Agencies are operational arm of GEF:

Focal Points: political; operational. Conflict Resolution Commissioner.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type II Classification

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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