Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)
Grand quartier général des puissances alliées en Europe
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1951-04-02 Paris France
Established 2 Apr 1951, Paris (France), as the headquarters of E-XE2231 - Allied Command Operations (ACO), one of two Supreme Allied Commands of C-XC3005 - NATO, following the appointment, 19 Dec 1950, of a Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). Permanent headquarters set up, 23 Jul 1951, Rocquencourt (France); moved to current site, Mar 1967, at SHAPE (Belgium), on withdrawal of French military forces from the allied military structure of NATO. Also referred to in French as Commandement suprême des forces alliées en Europe.
Function as headquarters of SACEUR, whose task is to coordinate defence of Allied Command Europe, the area from the North Cape to the Mediterranean and from the Atlantic to the eastern border of Turkey, excluding Portugal. In peace-time: develop requirements, plans and procedures for the military forces assigned to ACE to perform their missions in peace, crises and war. In crises: recommend and conduct military measures to reinforce political actions and thereby contribute to crisis management. In wartime: assist SACEUR in commanding the forces committed to ACE for collective defence of NATO territory.
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SHAPE is organized on normal military lines. Staff divisions (6): Operations and Logistics; Policy and Requirements; Resources; Intelligence; Communications and Information Systems; Budget and Finance. International Headquarters and Support Command. National military representatives (NMRs) accredited to SACEUR have particular responsibilities at SHAPE. Includes: H-XE1363 - NATO Programming Centre (NPC); E-XE0620 - NATO SCHOOL Oberammergau (NSO). Maintenance and supply through NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA). Exercises and other operational functions for ACE are planned and conducted at SHAPE by SACEUR and his international allied staff. F-XK0535 - Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is under SACEUR operational command in peacetime. NATO Response Force (NRF), launched 15 Oct 2003, is also based at SHAPE.
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