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Petroleum, also known as crude oil, or simply oil, is a naturally occurring yellowish-black liquid mixture of mainly hydrocarbons, and is found in geological formations. The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that consist of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, mostly zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both prolonged heat and pressure.

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Organizations relating to Petroleum

European Association for the Streamlining of Energy Exchange-gas / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2002
International Confederation of Trade Unions of Workers in the Oil and Gas Industries, and Construction Workers in the Oil and Gas Complex / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1992
Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1968
Comité de fabricants européens d'installations et de distribution de pétrole / Courbevoie, France / Est. 1969
Asociación Latinoamericana de la Industria del Petróleo / Est. 2009
European Petroleum Refiners Association / Brussels, Belgium
Groupement Européen de l'Industrie de la Régénération / Brussels, Belgium
INOGATE Programme / Kiev, Ukraine / Est. 1996
Centre international de lutte contre la pollution de l'Atlantique du Nord-Est / Lisbon, Portugal / Est. 1990
Joint Organisations Data Initiative / Riyadh, Saudi Arabia / Est. 2001
Technical Committee of Petroleum Additive Manufacturers in Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1974
Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1979
International Well Control Forum / Montrose, UK / Est. 1992
South East Asia Petroleum Exploration Society / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1973
Arab Petroleum Investments Corporation / Dammam, Saudi Arabia / Est. 1975
Caribbean Energy Information System / Kingston, Jamaica
Oil and Colour Chemists' Association / Manchester, UK / Est. 1918
Petroleum Philatelic Society International / Fair Haven NJ, USA / Est. 1974
International Regulators' Forum / Perth WA, Australia
Oil and Gas Industry Energy Access Platform / Vienna, Austria
Global LPG Partnership / New York NY, USA / Est. 2012
Oil Change International / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2005
BP Foundation / Warrenville IL, USA / Est. 1952
International Association of Drilling Contractors / Houston TX, USA / Est. 1940
PETRAD - International Programme for Petroleum Management and Administration / Stavanger, Norway / Est. 1989
Gas Technology Institute / Des Plaines IL, USA / Est. 1941
International Spill Accreditation Association / Inverurie, UK / Est. 2004
Drilling Engineering Association / Houston TX, USA
Regulatory Assistance Project / Montpelier VT, USA / Est. 1992
Comité international pour la défense des intérêts de l'industrie huilière en Europe / Est. 1912
Federation of European Petroleum Equipment Manufacturers / Est. 1953
Pan African Federation of Petroleum and Allied Workers / Est. 1981
South American Petroleum Institute / Est. 1942
Federation of the Condiment Sauce Industries, Mustard and Fruit and Vegetables Prepared in Oil and Vinegar of the European Union
Tanker owners voluntary agreement concerning liability for oil pollution / Est. 1969
International Petroleum Commission / Est. 1905
Latin American Federation of Petroleum Workers / Est. 1970
Nordisk Oljelednings Union / Ljungby, Sweden
International Oil Union / Est. 1926
Arab Petroleum Training Institute / Baghdad, Iraq / Est. 1978
European Fuel Information Centre / Est. 1972
European Organization of Petrol and Service Stations
Petroleum Institute of East Africa / Nairobi, Kenya
Arab Petroleum Services Company / Tripoli, Libya / Est. 1975
Arab Well Logging Company / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1983
Arab Maritime Petroleum Transport Company / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1972
Arab Drilling and Workover Company / Tripoli, Libya / Est. 1980
Judicial Tribunal of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1978
OPEC Economic Commission Board / Vienna, Austria / Est. 1964
Natural Gas Conversion Board / Washington DC, USA

View all profiles (209 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Lead as an environmental pollutant
Aggressive uses of natural energy resources
Environmental hazards from petroleum
Oil as a pollutant
Scarcity of oil resources
Environmental impacts of petroleum industry
Oil spillage

Action Strategies relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Using fossil fuel more efficiently
Protecting against natural gas production environmental hazards
Protecting against environmental hazards from chemicals and petrochemicals industries
Identifying petroleum resources
Reducing fossil fuel use
Reducing petroleum fuel emissions to the atmosphere
Using natural gas
Responding rapidly to oil spills
Compensating for pollution damage caused by substances other than oil
Developing petroleum resources
Exploring for petroleum resources
Establishing training programmes on oil and chemical spill responses
Advancing petroleum technology
Transferring petroleum technology
Taking advantage of oil price fluctuations
Destabilizing trade in petroleum and petroleum products
Researching armament - petroleum coalition
Supplying petrochemical products
Reducing methane emissions from petroleum production
Solving problems connected with petrochemical industry
Providing international remedies for oil pollution incidents
Combatting oil pollution
Identifying oil and chemical spill control measures for emergencies in developing countries
Reducing volatile organic compound emissions from petrol
Minimizing environmental impact of oil exploration

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