Comité permanent inter-Etats de lutte contre la sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS)

Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel
Comité Interestatal Permanente de Lucha contra la Sequia en el Sahel

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12 Sep 1973, Ouagadougou, on signature of Convention by Heads of State of Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Upper Volta (currently Burkina Faso). Gambia joined Dec 1973 at meeting of Ministerial Council. The Convention entered into force 1 July 1974. Convention revised by 11th Conference of the Heads of State and Government, 22 Apr 1994, Praia (Cape Verde), when the Institution was re-structured. Also referred to as Intergovernmental Committee to Combat Desertification in the Sudano-Sahelian Region and, unofficially, by English initials ICDCS.


Research obstacles to achievement of food security and enhanced natural resources management in the Sahel, to better define appropriate strategies and effective policies for sustainable development of the region; coordinate, at the subregional and regional levels, reflection and action to ascertain food, ecological and demographic constraints hampering sustainable economic growth; collect, process and disseminate quantitative and qualitative data to inform and sensitize member states and the international community with regard to ecological and human problems relating to development of the region; contribute to coordination of development, research and training policies implemented to combat the effects of drought and desertification; promote the implementation of activities of subregional, inter-state and regional interests, contributing to strengthening cooperation among member states in their joint efforts to combat effects of drought and desertification, and monitor activities that should contribute to regional integration; contribute to coordination of emergency aid obtained in regional or subregional contexts to promote its use as a factor of development.

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Policy Major Programmes (2): Policy Major Programme on Natural Resource Management/Desertification Control; Policy Major Programme on Food Security. Technical Major Programmes of the AGRHYMET Regional Centre, Bamako (Mali) (2): Technical Major Programme on Information; Technical Major Programme on Training. Technical Major Programmes of the Sahel Institute (INSAH), Niamey (Niger) (2): Technical Major Programme on Agro-socio-economic Research; Technical Major Programme on Population/Development. Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC), set up Mar 1976, Dakar (Senegal), acts as an organ of information to the international community.


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Arabic, English, French, Portuguese.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 39 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 13 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 9 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Climatology
    • Arid Zones
  • Government
    • Intergovernmental
  • Cybernetics
    • Control

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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